Is it to fulfill personal interests in a specific topic and advance your professional development? If so, research may be right for you. Research work may not be for everyone; individuals looking to get involved solely to have something to put in their résumé may not find research enjoyable. However, having an interest in the topic will make your involvement very enriching.
There are a multitude of choices in research topics. Usually you can determine these interests through the courses you take. If you want to go a step beyond courses, departments typically hold seminars on advanced topics. Visiting professors present their research to faculty and other researchers. Though the topics may be somewhat intense from an undergraduate perspective, these talks can show you how the research is conducted and what the importance is.
Getting involved in lab projects is a great way to build skills and get a feel for how things operate in the field. Also, experience in a lab can enable you to be more eligible for pursuing further research work, especially in graduate school.
If so, you possess key traits needed to be a serious researcher in the future.
Although undergraduates benefit from specialized training through lab involvement, the Principal Investigator (PI; the professor in charge) hopes to also benefit from your involvement. Much of the time, lab work requires time and effort. So, you would be learning specialized skills, while the professor and his/her research team has another member to help with the workload. Although these positions are mostly volunteer, you may be able to receive course credit for your work – this depends on the PI.
PIs do not normally take on just any student. Much like applications for jobs or post-undergraduate education, the hiring person wants to recruit someone who stands out from the crowd. Aside from prior knowledge gained from your courses, other things that may be considered are:
Consider what you found most interesting in your coursework or in news about scientific advancements.
If you are interested in the work, be persistent, but not intrusive. Professors tend to be quite busy, so you may not receive a reply immediately.
This could be the professor teaching the course, or the TAs. You will find that the TAs for your classes may actually work in the lab of the professor they teach under. Get to know them by chatting after class or discussing your interests via email. The professor is more likely to recruit someone as a research assistant if he/she has had prior contact with the student.
A PI tends to frown upon emails that have poor grammar, spelling errors, or look hastily/sloppily written. These are signs of a person who is not serious about the work. Be sure to use proper and professional writing in your email.
Such contact emails should be to the point. However, you can always benefit from including a few sentences about your credentials or interests even though you are unsure about an open position in the lab.